Module 7: Organic Chemistry

Nomenclature

Inquiry question: How do we systematically name organic chemical compounds?

 

Students:

      investigate the nomenclature of organic chemicals, up to C8, using IUPAC conventions, including simple methyl and ethyl branched chains, including:

      alkanes

      alkenes

      alkynes

      alcohols (primary, secondary and tertiary)

      aldehydes and ketones

      carboxylic acids

      amines and amides

      halogenated organic compounds

      explore and distinguish the different types of structural isomers, including saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons, including:

      chain isomers

      position isomers

      functional group isomers

Hydrocarbons

Inquiry question: How can hydrocarbons be classified based on their structure and reactivity?

 

Students:

      construct models, identify the functional group, and write structural and molecular formulae for homologous series of organic chemical compounds, up to C8

      alkanes

      alkenes

      alkynes

      conduct an investigation to compare the properties of organic chemical compounds within a homologous series, and explain these differences in terms of bonding

      analyse the shape of molecules formed between carbon atoms when a single, double or triple bond is formed between them

      explain the properties within and between the homologous series of alkanes with reference to the intermolecular and intramolecular bonding present

      describe the procedures required to safely handle and dispose of organic substances

      examine the environmental, economic and sociocultural implications of obtaining and using hydrocarbons from the Earth

Products of Reactions Involving Hydrocarbons

Inquiry question: What are the products of reactions of hydrocarbons and how do they react?

 

Students:

      investigate, write equations and construct models to represent the reactions of unsaturated hydrocarbons when added to a range of chemicals, including but not limited to:

      hydrogen (H2)

      halogens (X2)

      hydrogen halides (HX)

      water (H2O)

      investigate, write equations and construct models to represent the reactions of saturated hydrocarbons when substituted with halogens

Alcohols

Inquiry question: How can alcohols be produced and what are their properties?

      investigate the structural formulae, properties and functional group including:

      primary

      secondary

      tertiary alcohols

      explain the properties within and between the homologous series of alcohols with reference to the intermolecular and intramolecular bonding present

      conduct a practical investigation to measure and reliably compare the enthalpy of combustion for a range of alcohols

       write equations, state conditions and predict products to represent the reactions of alcohols, including but not limited to :

      combustion

      dehydration

      substitution with HX

      oxidation

      investigate the production of alcohols, including:

      substitution reactions of halogenated organic compounds

      fermentation

      investigate the products of the oxidation of primary and secondary alcohols

      compare and contrast fuels from organic sources to biofuels, including ethanol

 

Reactions of Organic Acids and Bases

Inquiry question: What are the properties of organic acids and bases?

 

Students:

      investigate the structural formulae, properties and functional group including:

      primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols

      aldehydes and ketones

      amines and amides

      carboxylic acids

      explain the properties within and between the homologous series of carboxylic acids amines and amides with reference to the intermolecular and intramolecular bonding present

      investigate the production, in a school laboratory, of simple esters

      investigate the differences between an organic acid and organic base

      investigate the structure and action of soaps and detergents

      draft and construct flow charts to show reaction pathways for chemical synthesis, including those that involve more than one step

Polymers

Inquiry question: What are the properties and uses of polymers?

 

Students:

      model and compare the structure, properties and uses of addition polymers of ethylene and related monomers, for example:

      polyethylene (PE)

      polyvinyl chloride (PVC)

      polystyrene (PS)

      polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)

      model and compare the structure, properties and uses of condensation polymers, for example:

      nylon

      polyesters